In Great Britain

A great variety of circumstances have led to the discovery of objects of the Early Iron Age. Where they have not been buried at any great depth beneath the surface of the ground, the plough1 has frequently been the means of bringing them to light. The making of roads2 and railways,3 drainage of land for agricultural purposes,1 military fortifications,15 quarrying15 and

1 As at Polden Hill, Somersetshire.

2 As at B;rdlip, Gloucestershire.

3 As at cuttings near Bedford and between Denbigh and Corwen.

4 As at Westh ill, Suffolk.

8 As at Mount Batten, near Plymouth.

6 As at Hamdon Hill, Somersetshire.

mining,1 have also had their share in helping the archaeologist. A considerable number of antiquities which have found their way into the beds of rivers have been recovered in the course of dredging operations for the improvement of inland navigation2 and building of bridge foundations.3 Tumuli,4 camps,5 caves,6 sites of towns7 and villages,8 crannogs,9 etc., have yielded a plentiful harvest to the scientific explorer. In some cases the denudation of the wind1" or the erosion of the sea11 has removed the covering of sand by which the traces of the ancient inhabitants have been concealed for centuries. The rabbit,12 although the enemy of the farmer, sometimes becomes the friend of the antiquary by throw ing up priceless relics of the past out of his burrow. Lastly, pure accident13 is now

1 As at Hunsbiiry, near Northampton.

2 As in deepening the Shannon, Thames, and Witham.

3 As at Kirkby Thore, on the Eden, Westmoreland.

4 As at Arras, Yorkshire.

5 As at Mount Cabum, near Lewes.

6 As at Settle, Yorkshire; Deepdale, Derbyshire; and Kent's Cavern near Torquay.

7 As at Great Chesters and Silrhester.

8 As at Glastonbury, Somersetshire.

9 As at Lisnacroghera, Co. Antrim; Strokestown, Co. Roscommon; and Lochlee, Ayrshire.

10 As on the Culbin Sands, Elginshire, where in 1827 a sportsman having lost his gunflint, found a splendid Late-Celtic bronze armlet, whilst seeking for another flint on the site of a Neolithic settlement covered with blown sand, except where denuded by the wind.

11 As at Hoylake, in Cheshire, where the encroachmenf of the sea on the portion of the coast lying between the estuar;es of the Dee and the Mersey washes out antiquities of e very period from the submarine forest and the sandhills above it.

12 A beautiful Late-Celtic bronze armlet was found at Stanhope, Peeblesshire, by the tenant of the farm, whilst searching for a rabbit, under a large fiat stone on the hillside.

13 As in the case of the hoaid of gold objects of bullion value, amounting to ¿110, found at Shaw Ilill, Peeblesshire, by a herd-boy who saw something glitter in the ground, and scraped out the torques aad other relics with his foot.

and then the agent by which the position of a long-forgotten hiding-place for valuables is made known.

0 0

Post a comment