List Of Figures

2.1 Late Bronze Age vessels with bird and sun-disc ornament 21

2.2 Late Bronze Age cult vehicles 22

2.3 Strettweg, Austria, cult vehicle 24

2.4 Hallstatt period animal imagery in bronze and pottery 25

2.5 The Urnfield warrior with equipment 28

2.6 A: late Bronze Age cuirass from Marmesses 31 B: Class B Atlantic cauldron from Shipton-on-Cherwell, Oxfordshire 31

2.7 Images from decorated pottery from Sopron district, Hungary 35

3.1 Details from the Klein Aspergle grave-group 39

3.2 Italic imports north of the Alps

A: Distribution of beaked flagons 41

B: Distribution of cordoned buckets 41

3.3 Palmette and lotus in early La Tène art 43

3.4 Engraved ornament on the Reinheim and Waldalgesheim flagons 46

3.5 The Somme-Bionne, Marne, open-work disc 50

3.6 Dürrnberg bei Hallein, Grave 44/2: principal grave-goods

A: weaponry 52

B: drinking vessels and related items 53

3.7 Face masks in early La Tène art 55

3.8 Sculpture in early La Tène art 56

3.9 Exotic influences in late Hallstatt grave-goods 59

3.10 Belt attachments from north and south of the Alps 60

3.11 The Glauberg bronze torc 64

4.1 Transition towards the Developed La Tène Styles 66

4.2 Phalerae with open-work borders from St Jean-sur-Tourbe 67

4.3 Open-work mount from La Bouvandeau 68

4.4 Engraved decoration of the Besançon bronze flagon 69

4.5 Developed Style in the Champagne 71

4.6 Ornament from Waldalgesheim, Mainz-Bingen, grave-group 73

4.7 Torcs and arm-ring from the Marne region 78

4.8 La Tène decorated pottery from Champagne 80

4.9 Münsingen, Berne

A: cemetery plan 82

B: some characteristic brooch types 83

4.10 Scabbards with 'Vegetal Style' ornament 85

4.11 Insular early La Tene metal-work 86

4.12 The Prunay 'Les Commelles' vase and the Canosa helmet 89

5.1 Hungarian and related scabbard ornament — 1 97

5.2 Eastern and western scabbards 98

5.3 'Halimba' scabbard from Co Veszprem, Hungary 100

5.4 Hungarian and related scabbard ornament — 2 101

5.5 Dragon-pairs and their distribution 103

5.6 Finds from the site of La Tene 105

5.7 Scabbards from eastern England 108

5.8 'Chagrinage' 109

5.9 Irish engraved scabbards 114

6.1 La Tene'Plastic Style' ornament in Bohemia and Moravia 120

6.2 Relief style arm- and ankle-rings 123

6.3 Open-work mounts from Brno-Malomerice 125

6.4 The stone sculpted head from Msecke Zehrovice 127

6.5 Helmet with bird-crest, ^iumejti, Romania 129

6.6 Silver ring with bull's head terminals from Trichtingen 131

6.7 Rein-rings and linch-pins with face-images in relief 134

6.8 Bull's (A) and owl's (B) heads from the Bra cauldron 135

6.9 The Wandsworth 'face-mask' shield 137

6.10 British Iron Age brooches 138

7.1 Engraved and relief ornament of Torrs horns and pony-cap 144

7.2 The Witham sword and scabbard mount 147

7.3 The Witham shield 148

7.4 The Wandsworth circular shield 151

7.5 Iron Age decorated pottery from Southern Britain 156

7.6 Aylesford, Kent, and Marlborough, Wiltshire, bucket ornament, with head from Rynkeby cauldron, Denmark 158

7.7 Mirrors from Holcombe, Devon and Nijmegen, Holland 160

7.8 Mirror from Desborough, Northants, and collar from Balmaclellan, Kirkcudbrightshire 162

8.1 Beehive querns and the Irish La Tene

A: 'La Tene'finds in Ireland 165

B: distribution of beehive querns in Ireland 165

8.2 Regional distributions of late Bronze Age metal-work in Ireland 167

8.3 Irish 'La Tene' - 1: horse-bits, Y-pendants, spear-butts and querns 170

8.4 Knock ('Clonmacnoise') torc and Loughnashade horn 174

8.6 The Turoe stone, Co Galway 180

8.7 Ireland and Northern Britain: comparative metal-work 182

8.8 Ceremonial head-gear 184

8.9 Ornamented discs 186

9.1 'Plastic Style' torcs and arm-rings from south-western France 192

9.2 Anthropomorphic and zoomorphic 'matchstick' images on pottery 194

9.3 Celto-Ligurian sanctuaries

A: Glanum, St Remy-en-Provence 197

B: Entremont, Aix-en-Provence 197

9.4 Celto-Ligurian statuary 198

9.5 The Celtiberian boar-hunt 201

9.6 Celtiberian swords and scabbards 202

9.7 Celtiberian brooches 205

9.8 Celtiberian symbols of status 206

9.9 The Celtiberian warrior 207

10.1 Designs on Gaulish coins 214

10.2 Trans-alpine trade in the late La Tene period 217

10.3 Late La Tene cult figures in Gaul - 1: Euffigneix and Bouray 223

10.4 Late La Tene cult figures in Gaul - 2: Neuvy-en-Sullias dancer and boar 225

10.5 'Celtic' iconography on the Gundestrup cauldron 226

10.6 Orientalizingphalerae in Western Europe 228

10.7 Native art in Northern Britain - 1: Mortonhall and Deskford 231

10.8 Native art in Northern Britain - 2: the Stichill collar, Roxburghshire 233

10.9 Native art in Roman Britain: Elmswell casket-mount, dragonesque, trumpet and Aesica brooches 235

10.10 Scottish cast bronze armlets 236

11.1 Irish zoomorphic penannular brooches 240

11.2 Hanging-bowl escutcheons 241

11.3 Irish hand-pins 243

11.4 The Norrie's Law, Fife, silver hoard 244

11.5 Symbol stone art 247

11.6 Animal imagery in later Iron Age insular art 251

11.7 Initial letters from the Cathach of St Columba 253

11.8 'Ultimate La Tene' in Ireland

A: Rinnagan crucifixion plaque 255

B: Lagore belt-buckle 255

11.9 The Book of Durrow, f. 21v 257

11.10 Technical details of the Ardagh chalice

A: trichinopoly 260

B: Pressblech 260

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