Hermaphroditos was the

Voodoo Symbols Dictionary

Bisexual offspnng of the messenger god HERMES and APHRODITE, the goddess of love. According to one Greek myth, this handsome boy excited the passion of Salmacis, who was a nymph of a fountain near to the city of Halicamassus in Asia Minor. When the young Hermaphroditos ignored her attentions, Salmacis prayed to the gods that she might be eternally united with him. The wish was granted when he bathed in some waters and she merged with him physically. The result was a female boy, hence the term...

Cyclopes see giants

Daedalus, according to Greek mythology, was said by some to be the son of Alcippe, the daughter of the war god ares, and by others to be the son of Merope It is agreed, though, that he came from Athens. He was a gifted craftsman and was employed by King MINOS at his palace of Knossos in Crete. Daedalus designed and built the Labyrinth for the dreaded MINOTAUR This was the offspring of pasiphae, Minos' wife, and a great bull Daedalus had designed an artificial cow into which the queen could...

The Argonauts were very

Plymouth God Blew With His Winds

Early explorers, most likely the first Greek voyagers to the Black Sea They sailed from Thessaly, where their leader, JASON, was the rightful king of Iolcus According to the myth, Jason's father, Aeson, was deposed by his half-brother Pelias, who was warned at the time how he would in turn be overthrown by a man wearing only one sandal. In order to protect Jason from Pelias, Aeson had secretly sent his son to CHIRON to educate the young man, like many other heroes. On reaching manhood, Jason...

Monsters and Fabulous Beasts

Nyads Mysterious Daughters Poseidon

Classical monsters come in all shapes and colours, sometimes hideous, but sometimes bewitchingly fair, sometimes half-human and sometimes entirely demonic. Monsters generally symbolize the dark and unresolved forces in life and in human nature. Greek mythology is full of composite creatures, such as the Chimaera, Sphinx and Scylla, symbolizing complex evil. Not all monsters were cruel, and some, such as Ladon, guarded a precious treasure, while the Sphinx guarded the pass to the city of Thebes....

The Amazons were tribe

Of female warriors, supposedly descended from RES, the Greek war god, and the naiad Harmonia Their home was situated beyond the Black Sea. It is thought that their name refers ro their breast less condition, for Amazons voluntarily removed their right breasts in order that the 'might more easily draw a bow. The ancient Greeks believed these fierce warriors periodically mated with the men from another Eribe, afterwards rearing their female children but discarding or maiming all the males. During...

Cincinnatus was a roman

Hero who was instrumental in saving the early Republic In 458 BC, Rome was in danger of being destroyed by the Aequi, a neighbouring Italian tribe. To defeat this threat, the Senate voted to appoint Cmcmnatus as dictator, a temporar ' office vested with unlimited powers A deputation was sent to his small farm, which was the smallest landholding allowed to qualify for citizenship. The senators found Cmcmnatus at work tending his crops He was told of the Senate's decision and was saluted as...

Heroes

Hero Leaning

HERACLES above , best known jor fiis mighty labours, was all his life a helper of gods and men, setting the earth free of many monsters and rascals Worshipped as a hero and deity, he was invoked as a saviour as the hero of labour and struggle, he was patron deity of the gymnasium In art he appears as the ideal of manly strength, with massive muscles and grave expression This celebrated Greek sculpture shows the hero in repose leaning on his club, draped with the famous lion's skin The Farnese...

The Encyclopedia of

Celtic Mythology Paintings

IN THIS IMPORTANT NEW VOLUME, the ancient mythologies are brought to life in the most comprehensive coverage yet produced. An outstanding 550 images, including superb new illustrations of the classic stories, make this the most evocative and detailed guide to the fabulous myths and legends of the ancient world. Three powerful and compelling cultures are featured the Classical mythology of ancient Greece and Rome the fairytale myths of the Celtic world and, from Northern Europe, tales of...

Mythology

This edition is published by Hermes House Hermes House is an imprint of Anness Publishing Ltd Hermes House, 88-89 Blackfriars Road London SE1 8HA tel. 020 7401 2077 fax 020 7633 9499 info anness.com All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any way or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright holder A CIP catalogue record is available...

Magic and Enchantment

Celtic Warrior Spiritual Gesture

Enchantment permeates Celtic myth, shrouding the tales in a haunting, dreamlike quality. The all-pervasive otherworld lies behind much of the mystery and magic, penetrating the forests and lakes, and crafting charmed rings and weapons. Yet spells and magic also arose in the visible world where bards, druids and some privileged heroes, such as Finn MacCool, possessed magical powers. Bards could weaken the enemy with satire or enchanted sleep, while druids bewitched the host with magical...

Forces of Nature

Celtic Myth Horse

The wonders and mysteries of nature are explained in mythology through the will and actions of the gods. Sunrise and sunset, storms and tidal waves, summer and winter unfold as part of a divine drama. For the ancient Greeks, the sun rose and set because Phoebus Apollo drove the glittering sun-chariot on a fiery course across the sky, preceded by Eos who sprinkled morning dew from her vase. Springtime came when Persephone, who symbolized the seed-corn, rose from the underworld to live in the...

Oracles and Prophecies

Girdie Ciassicai

DRUMS below wuU s, gt meumr reml the hum - and were often inspired by the gods, usually to guide a favourite mortal n distress Here, F'cnskipc is visited m iier dream hv Athena in the form a ha sister Iphthm le The vision consoM Penelope in her troubles and predicted that her son, ielcnmchus, though in grave danger, would nonetheless id tun home sajeh o, i s gt . i -- h.v.i k. a-v i In the ancient world, a mans life was thought to be determined by fate or destiny. Even the gods themselves were,...

Giants

Peleus Wolf

Giants symbolize immense primal forces, neither good nor bad, but larger than life. While Greek giants could be gentle guardians, such as Talos, the gigantic bronze man who defended the island of Crete, others, such as Geryon, were predators, preying on unwary travellers. Equally, the Cyclopes were orginally creative beings, making armour and ornaments in the forge of Hephaistos, and building the massive city walls of Tiryns. Later on they were also portrayed as moody, rebellious shepherds who...

Voyagers

ORPHEUS Cleft went down into Hades, the underworld, to bring hack his wife, Eurydice Charming the shades and even Persephone with his music, he was allowed to take Eurydice back to the upper world as long as he did not look hack until clear of Hades jlist as they were about to step out into the light. Oiphcus turned round only to see Eurydice slip hack into the world of shades forever Here, Orpheus bids farewell to Eurydice, while Hermes left , waits to lead Eurydice hack through the world of...

Lovers of Zeus

Mythology Celtic

striking aspect OF GREEK mythology IS the marital conflict between the two chief deities, Hera, an earth goddess, and her J- A. husband, Zeus, supreme power on Olympus. One of the most amorous gods in mythology, Zeus loved countless women and he courted them in as many forms, sometimes as a bull, as a satyr, as a swan, sometimes as a mortal man, and even in the form of a golden shower. Hera was notoriously jealous and vengeful, pursuing without mercy his lovers and their offspring. The...

Erinyes see furies

Eros, according to some Greek traditions, was the son of Erebos and the Night, while in others he was the son of ARES, god of war As the youngest of the gods and the companion of aphrodite, he appeared to enjoy making as much mischief as he Gould by firing his arrows of passion into the hearts of gods and humans alike. His connection with homosexual love may have derived from his supposed relationship to Ares, for he was the patron divinity of the Sacred Band of Thebes, which was a group of one...

Widow Strangling

Fortunate King Greek Myths Admetus

HIS COMBINED ENCYCLOPEDIA of i m fl mythology contains the three Ta I outstanding traditions of Europe -l HJ Greek, Celtic and Norse. They form the core of European mythological thought, the early ideas and notions which underlie our present-day consciousness. For the stories related in Greek, Celtic and Germanic myths touch upon the fundamental issues of existence. They reveal the power of love, with its accompanying anxiety and jealousy the conflict between the generations, the old and the...

Celtic Otherworlds

Bran And The Magic Cauldron

T,he glittering otherworlds of Celtic myth are the invisible realms of gods and spirits, fairies, elves and misshapen giants. Some are sparkling heavens and some are brooding hells. The veil between the visible and invisible worlds is gossamer-thin and easily torn. Seers and bards pass in and out on spirit-flights or journeys of the soul, as do some privileged heroes, such as all-knowing Finn MacCool, or the intrepid voyagers, Bran, Brendan and Maeldun. Some heroes, such as Cuchulainn, pay only...

Sages and Seers

Stonehenge Knights The Round Table

T,he spiritual seers and shamans of Celtic myth were endowed with extraordinary gifts of prophecy, wisdom and healing. They enjoyed a profound rapport with natural and supernatural forces, and acted as intermediaries between the realms of the living and the dead, between the visible world of men and the invisible otherworld, a realm of wondrous spirits. Most famous of all was Arthur s wise counsellor, Merlin but other inspired druids - Amairgen, Taliesin and Cathbad - feature in Celtic myths as...

Celtic Mythology

Images Religious Ocean Celtics

II ODAY PEOPLE OF CELTIC DESCENT IN Europe are concentrated on its western shores. They live chiefly in Brittany, Cornwall, Wales, Scotland, the Isle of Man and Ireland. At one time, however, the Celts were spread over a large part of the Continent, and in 278 BC one roving band even penetrated as far east as Asia Minor, where they gave their name to Galatia. Until the rise of Roman power, the Celts were a force to be reckoned with. Rome itself had been sacked by them in 385 BC, a historical...

Delphic Oracle see

Agave Mythology

Demeter, he Greek goddess of vegetation and fruitfulness, was the daughter of CRONOS and RHEA. Like her Roman equivalent, Ceres, she was especially associated with com Demeter possessed mysterious powers of growth and even resurrection She was the focus of an important cult at Eleusis, just south of Athens, where rites were celebrated annually in the autumn when, through music and dancing, her worshippers recalled the loss and rediscovery of her daughter PERSEPHONE Demeter means mother earth -...